2018-19 Colloquium Series

The Science Studies Colloquium Series takes place every Monday of the quarter from 4:00p-5:30p in Room 3027, Humanities & Social Sciences Building, Muir College campus, unless noted otherwise.

A reception for the colloquium speaker takes place before the talk from 3:30p-4:00p in Room 3005, Humanities & Social Sciences Building.

Fall Quarter 2018

October 1, 2018

Science Studies Program Meeting

SSP faculty and students only


October 8, 2018

Shelley Streeby

Professor, Department of Literature and Ethnic Studies
UC San Diego
 

Climate Refugees in the Greenhouse World: Archiving Global Warming with Octavia E Butler

When it comes to people of color’s leadership in imagining the future of climate change, the work of the great science fiction writer Octavia E. Butler is a great place to start. Butler was a working-class Black girl from Pasadena, California whose mother worked as a maid and by taking in lodgers after her husband died young of a heart attack. In thinking about climate change, I find especially useful her two Parable novels, particularly Parable of the Sower, a “cautionary tale” Butler wrote in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Butler once said that “Global Warming is a character in POS” and while writing the sequel, Parable of the Talents, she often reminded herself in research notes to “show the ‘Greenhouse World.’”  Drawing on the vast collection of 350 boxes of material Butler left to the Huntington Library in San Marino, California, next to her hometown of Pasadena, upon her untimely death in 2006, I use Butler’s research on the greenhouse effect and global warming and on the disasters of these eras and emerging environmental movements to tell the story of emerging scientific research on climate change in the eighties and nineties and how politicians, the fossil fuel industry, and activists responded to that research. I argue that this working-class Black woman genius’s memory work helpfully illuminates this history even as it models an interdisciplinary engagement with the sciences through Butler’s study and research.
 

October 15, 2018

Kelly Gates

Associate Professor, Department of Communication and Science Studies
UC San Diego
 

Automating Vision for Prediction, Prosecution, and Profit

This talk aims to make sense of the broad sociotechnical program of computer vision by focusing on the automation of video processing, or video analytics, in the overlapping domains of security, policing, and forensics. The development of automated vision in these domains is taking shape along with its commercialization, creating technical systems for video analytics that are deeply entangled with data monetization and the drive to build platforms and create network effects. I argue that we cannot understand 21st century, real-world applications of “computer vision,” “machine learning,” or “artificial intelligence” without attention to how these technologies are being imagined and physically built by companies laser-focused on scale, growth, and market dominance. 
 

October 22, 2018

Jesse Goldstein

Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology
Virginia Commonwealth University
 

Innovation as enclosure: Environmental Crisis and the Cleantech Surround 

In this talk I explore investments in cleantech innovation as a means of addressing the unfolding climate crisis. As both a market and an imaginary, cleantech offers a range of possible and potential responses to environmental crisis within an enclosed space (confined and narrowed to responses that support value production in capital's narrow sense), or what we can think, along with Michelle Murphy, as the cleantech surround. Cleantech’s legitimizing discourse, which I term planetary improvement, rests upon a view of 'saving the planet.' However, the planet being hailed is always already the product of capitalist and colonial violence. Examples from my ethnographic work with cleantech entrepreneurs and investors help demonstrate how this surround is erected, supported and defended as the only terrain upon which one can realistically work to ‘save the planet’. How might we re-orient the horizons of sociotechnical possibility otherwise? And how might this ‘we’ constitute itself as a pluripotent intellect, an undercommons where fugitive planners move us through and beyond, not just against, the sociotechnical assemblages of fossil-capitalism?
 

October 29, 2018

Saiba Varma

Assistant Professor, Department of Anthropology  
UC San Diego
 

The Shock Network: The Politics of Care in Occupied Kashmir

In this talk, I examine the use(s) of electric shock in both military and humanitarian spaces in
occupied Kashmir, namely, the interrogation center and clinic. Shock, as a technology that cuts
across military and humanitarian spaces, makes visible the intentional and unintentional
entanglements of military and humanitarian practices and logics in spaces of occupation such as
Kashmir. In both settings, shock is understood and valorized as a crisis technology performed in
the name of care. In psychiatric settings, global and national mental health imperatives towards
"deinstitutionalization" and promoting "community-based" mental health approaches are
heralded as humanitarian and cost-effective responses to histories of violence and abuse in the
asylum. As psychiatrists try to discharge patients quickly, and to promote outpatient,
pharmaceutical care rather than inpatient care, shock becomes a pragmatic way of achieving
these humanitarian outcomes. In conclusion, this talk thinks about the remainders of care and the
ways military and humanitarian care are felt and experienced at the level of the body and kin
relations.

November 5, 2018

Sabine Arnaud

Senior Researcher
Centre Alexandre Koyré Histoire des Sciences et des Techniques

 

The Oral Method and the Specter of Abnormality: Deaf Education and the Poetics of Contestation at the Turn of Twentieth-Century France

 While tracing the scope of the French Republican project promoting speech in Deaf education, this paper will analyze how the spread of oralism coincided with the development of new categories to classify children, especially as “backward” and “abnormal.” It will examine the responses by Deaf people, who, far from being mere spectators of the change, developed a radical critique of the repercussions of the new pedagogical methods, employing irony, sarcasm, and critical analysis. This paper will show how these years of struggle were also years of emancipation, in which the acquisition of language became a poetical and political act.  

November 12, 2018

No Colloquium

Veterans Day Holiday

 

November 19, 2018

Klaus S. Lackner

Director, Center for Negative Carbon Emissions and Professor, School of Sustainable Engineering and the Built Environment, Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering
Arizona State University 
 

Mopping up our Carbon Dioxide Waste

The world’s energy infrastructure is built on the combustion of fossil carbon, which leaves behind a waste product of carbon dioxide. The carbon, liberated from underground, is dumped as carbon dioxide into the atmosphere where it is the dominant driver of climate change. This waste will have to be managed. As with garbage, sewage, or sulfur dioxide emissions before, the waste stream will likely be ignored until the consequences become painfully obvious. Nevertheless, the world has already begun to reduce its reliance on fossil fuels, to raise energy efficiency, and to recycle carbon.  While all of this is helpful, it is not enough. The ambitious climate targets agreed to in Paris can only be met by removing excess carbon from the environment. The waste that has already been produced and will continue to be produced for some time will need to be disposed of safely and permanently.  Fossil carbon is a waste management problem. The scale is staggering: current carbon dioxide emissions exceed the world production of sand and aggregate.  It is highly unlikely that all of this carbon will find a ready reuse.  In picking up the litter, we will need to collect and store more carbon than was emitted during the 20th century.  Storage technologies are unpopular but work.  Collecting carbon from the environment poses a new challenge. The favored approach of using biomass capture is unlikely to safely reach the necessary scale. Direct air capture on the other hand is a scalable, but still unproven technology. It needs to be developed. Air capture linked to carbon disposal makes it possible to rethink carbon management as waste management rather than pollution mitigation.  Therefore, it will likely play an important role in climate stabilization. Eventually, as the world approaches zero carbon waste, air capture will find a new role in supporting a circular carbon economy.  Solar energy, water and carbon dioxide taken from the air will be the ingredients for synthetic fuels for airplanes, ships and trucks.  Then there will be no more need for fossil fuels.
 

November 26, 2018

Charles F. Kennel

Former Director
Scripps Institution of Oceanography
UC San Diego
 

Climate Science and Policy: The Famous Two-Degree Goal

In 2014, my UCSD colleague, David Victor, and I published an article in Nature magazine that the editors gave the controversial title “Ditch the two-degree goal”.  The goal was what policy experts had chosen as a way to focus the 2015 Paris negotiations on climate change: to avoid a global temperature increase more than two degrees Celsius above what it was in the preindustrial era. . On the day before the Paris Climate conference opened in 2015, The Wall Street Journal  published a front page  article that talked about well-known climate scientists who questioned the Paris proceedings altogether.  Far from it. We were all for progress on climate change,  but we pointed out that measuring that progress using only  temperature  is seriously misleading.  People neither understand nor care about this abstract number, but they do care about their risks from things like firestorms, floods, droughts, and sea level rise.  To keep track of humanity’s progress on climate change, political leaders, diplomats and everyone else all ought to keep track of the Planet’s vital signs, just as in medical checkups, doctors measure temperature, but also other indicators like  blood pressure and cholesterol.  After all, you can have cancer and never have an elevated temperature.  It was that simple. 
I will describe why we decided to write the article and what happened afterwards. The UN has indeed adopted a set of vital signs, but you have never heard of them.
  

December 3, 2018

Ben Hurlbut

Associate Professor, School of Life Sciences
Arizona State University  
 

December 10, 2018

No Colloquium

Finals Week

Winter Quarter 2019

January 7, 2019

Science Studies Program Meeting

SSP faculty and students only


January 14, 2019

Chris Henke'00

Associate Professor of Sociology and Environmental Studies
Colgate University

&

Ben Sims'00

Scientist, Statistical Sciences Group
Los Alamos National Laboratory
 

Repairing San Diego: Infrastructure, Materiality, and Power

Repair, in its normal usage, is a practice employed when we need to fix a flat tire on our car
or a leaking pipe in the kitchen. In sociology, repair has been used to describe the practices
we use to maintain order and meaning in social interactions. We take a broader,
sociotechnical view of repair practices that encompasses both uses of the term, and a range
of scales from local to global. In our forthcoming book, tentatively titled Repairing
Infrastructures: The Maintenance of Materiality and Power , we argue that sociotechnical
repair is a crucial element of the often taken-for-granted structural context of industrial
modernity, and the basis of power invested in and maintained through infrastructural
systems. For this talk, we focus on two key case studies from the book, each dating back to
our time as graduate students in the Science Studies Program at UCSD: Henke’s fieldwork
with campus physical plant mechanics and Sims’s study of the Coronado Bridge and its
impact on Barrio Logan. We use these examples to illustrate the dynamics of repair in
diverse settings and scales.

January 21, 2019

No Colloquium

Martin Luther King, Jr. Holiday

 
 

January 28, 2019

Alison Wylie

Professor, Department of Philosophy
University of British Columbia
 

Witnessing and Translating: The Indigenous/Science Project

The Canadian Truth and Reconciliation Commission (2015) calls on non-Indigenous Canadians to build equitable, respectful and transparent partnerships with Indigenous Peoples as the primary means for advancing reconciliation. In this spirit a UBC-based research cluster, Indigenous/Science, is building collaborative partnerships designed to bring the tools of archaeological science to bear on Indigenous-led research questions in a way that embodies a “practice of reconciliation.” The projects taking shape under the rubric of Indigenous/Science raise pointed questions about how researchers committed to collaborative practice can best to navigate differences in ethical/epistemic commitments and the asymmetries of power and hierarchies of expertise that underpin them. These will be the focus of my talk, as well as the question of what we philosophers can contribute to such ventures: what is required of us when called upon to bear witness to the real-world conflicts and consequences of scientific inquiry?
 

February 4, 2019

Fernando Domínguez Rubio

Assistant Professor, Department of Communication
UC San Diego
 
 

February 11, 2019

TBD


February 18, 2019 

No Colloquium

Presidents' Day Holiday

 


February 25, 2019

Moon Duchin

Associate Professor, Department of Mathematics & Director, Program in Science, Technology, & Society 
Tufts University
 
 

March 4, 2019

Stephanie Dick

Assistant Professor, Department of History and Sociology of Science
University of Pennsylvania 
 

March 11, 2019

Kieran Durkin

Marie Skłodowska-Curie Global Fellow
University of York
 

March 18, 2019 

Monika Sengul-Jones (Finals Week)

PhD Candidate, Communication & Science Studies
UC San Diego

 

 


March 25, 2019

Spring Break

Spring Quarter 2019

April 1, 2019

Science Studies Program Meeting

SSP faculty and students only


April 8, 2019

Sarah Vaughn

Assistant Professor, Department of Anthropology 
University of California, Berkeley 

 


April 11 & 12, 2019

Student Choice Speaker: Lorraine Daston

Visiting Professor of Social Thought and History
University of Chicago

  


April 15, 2019

Sarah Fox

Postdoctoral Scholar, Department of Communication
UC San Diego

 


April 22, 2019

Theodora Dryer

PhD Candidate, History & Science Studies
UC San Diego

 


April 29, 2019

Megan Delehanty

Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy
University of Calgary

 


May 6, 2019 

Marion Fourcade

Professor, Department of Sociology, UC Berkeley and Associate Fellow of the Max Planck-Sciences Po Center on Coping with Instability in Market Societies (Maxpo)

 


May 13, 2019 

Florence C. Hsia

Professor of History of Science, Department of History
University of Wisconsin-Madison
 

May 20, 2019 

Cristina Visperas'17

Assistant Professor, School of Communication
USC Annenberg

 


May 27, 2019

No Colloquium 

Memorial Day Observance

 


June 3, 2019

Dwaipayan Banerjee

Assistant Professor of Science, Technology, and Society (STS)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

June 10, 2019

No Colloquium

Finals Week